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多维视角的中国新型城镇化实证研究
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TitleEmpirical Study of Multidimensional New Urbanization in China——Analysis of 289 Prefecture and Higher Level Cities  
作者胡必亮 张坤领 刘敏 罗飞  
AuthorHu Biliang,Zhang Kunling,Liu Min and Luo Fei  
作者单位北京师范大学 
OrganizationBeijing Normal University 
作者Emailhubiliang@bnu.edu.cn 
中文关键词新型城镇化 传统城镇化 多维视角 空间格局 
Key Wordsnew urbanization;traditional urbanization;multidimensional perspective;spatial pattern 
内容提要传统城镇化发展的不可持续性迫切需要向“可持续发展,以人为核心”的新型城镇化方向转轨,其可持续性既表现为人口、经济、资源和环境的协同与制衡关系,也表现在一系列可持续性的社会制度和空间规划安排。基于内涵要求,构建了包含人口、经济、资源、环境、社会和空间六个维度的新型城镇化指数评价指标体系。以新型城镇化与传统城镇化测度对比为主线,分析了中国289个地级及以上城市新型城镇化发展基本情况、与传统城镇化的关系以及空间分布格局。结果显示:(1)若以城镇化率为标准衡量,新型城镇化发展水平存在很大程度的高估或低估的情形,这也是城镇化率作为单一衡量标准存在的缺陷所在;(2)经济变量虽然仍是新型城镇化的主要驱动力量,但新型城镇化相对于传统城镇化弱化了经济因素的影响,而是更加强调多维协同;(3)目前中国新型城镇化发展水平呈“东-中-西”递减格局,整体暗合了中国社会经济发展水平的区域差异。 
AbstractThe unsustainability of the traditional urbanization development urgently needs to change to the new urbanization direction of sustainable and human-centered development. Its sustainability is not only reflected in the coordination and balance of population, economy, resources and environment, but also in a series of sustainable social institutions and spatial planning arrangements. Based on the connotation requirement, an indicator system of new urbanization index including resources, environment, economy, population, society and space dimension is constructed in this article. By comparing new urbanization with traditional urbanization, the paper analyzes the basic situation of new urbanization development, the relationship with traditional urbanization and the spatial distribution pattern of 289 prefecture and higher level cities in China. The results show that: 1. If using the urbanization rate as a measure standard, there is a large degree of overestimation or underestimation of new urbanization development level, which reflects the shortcoming of the urbanization rate as a single measure; 2. Economic variable is still the main driving force of the new urbanization, but the new urbanization emphasis more on multi-dimensional synergy, and weaken the economic factor compared to the traditional urbanization; 3. China's new urbanization development level was in the pattern of decreasing from east to central then west area, which coincide with regional differences of socio-economic development in China. 
文章编号WP1232 
登载时间2017-10-20 
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