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有偏型技术进步、产业结构变迁和中国要素收入分配格局
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TitleBiased Technical Progress, Industrial Structure Change and Factor Income Shares in China  
作者王林辉 袁礼  
AuthorWang Linhui and Yuan Li  
作者单位华东师范大学经济学院;湖南师范大学商学院 
OrganizationEast China Normal University; Hunan Normal University 
作者Emaillinhuiwang73@sina.com;toto57@163.com 
中文关键词技术进步方向 产业结构 要素收入分配 
Key Wordsbiased technical change; industrial structure; labor income shares 
内容提要劳动收入占比下降已成为世界各国的普遍现象,现有文献多从转型国家产业结构变化视角考察要素收入分配格局,但若将其理论应用于发达经济体,解释力和普适性均明显不足。为此,本文从技术进步方向入手,构建两部门模型考察技术进步偏向性如何影响产业结构和要素收入份额,利用我国1978-2012年三次产业数据和标准化供给面系统法,估计技术进步方向及其对要素收入份额的影响。结果显示,有偏型技术进步依次主导着三次产业劳动收入份额产业效应的变化,对于劳动收入占比变化具有较强解释力。特别需要关注的是1996年以来第二产业技术进步呈资本偏向型,这是我国近年来劳动收入份额下降的主要原因。同时,与要素耦合发展的有偏型技术进步能够引导劳动要素流动,推动产业结构变迁,间接改变劳动收入份额。 
AbstractNowadays the decline of labor income shares becomes a universal phenomenon in the world, literature focuses on the effect of industrial structure in transitional economies. But the explaining power and universality is weak, when applying it to developed countries. From the view of biased technical change, this paper constructs a two-sector framework to examine the influence of biased technical change on industrial structure and factor income shares, and applies the normalized supply-side system, using three-industry data during the period of 1978-2012, to estimate the biased technical change and its effect on income shares. It shows that: the biased technical change dominates the change of industrial effect in labor shares in three industries, which shows strong explaining power in change of labor shares. Especially, the technical change in second industry is capital-biased since 1996, which is the main reason for the declining of labor share. At the same time, coupling with factor, biased technical change could induce labor mobility and the transformation of industrial structure, changing the labor income shares indirectly.  
文章编号WP1234 
登载时间2017-11-02 
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